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Can you boost female fertility according to science?

Written by: Fouzhan Shadidi

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Time to read 6 min

Keywords: fertility, supplementation, boosts, infertility, diet, health, treatment

Is female fertility a misunderstood concept in reproductive health?


Let us delve into the prevalence of fertility issues, backed by well-researched statistics and studies, and look at the effectiveness of various methods designed to boost fertility.


Let us investigate the genetic factors influencing fertility, the potential causes of female infertility, and offer data-driven points to help you navigate this critical aspect of reproductive health.

 fertility, supplementation, boosts, infertility, diet, health, treatment

1. Understanding Fertility Treatments and Their Effectiveness

Fertility treatments are a viable solution for many individuals and couples struggling with infertility.


There are three main types of fertility treatments: medicines, surgical procedures, and assisted conception methods such as intrauterine insemination (IUI) and in vitro fertilisation (IVF) .


Fertility medicines, including clomifene , tamoxifen , metformin , and gonadotrophins , are designed to stimulate ovulation and improve fertility.


However, these medicines may cause side effects like  nausea, vomiting, headaches, and hot flushes .


Surgical procedures are used to investigate fertility problems and enhance fertility.


Assisted conception methods like IUI and IVF involve the use of donor eggs or sperm, and the child born as a result has the legal right to know the identity of the donor when they turn 18.


It's important to note that the effectiveness of these treatments can vary greatly depending on individual circumstances, including age, overall health, and the specific cause of infertility. 

 fertility, supplementation, boosts, infertility, diet, health, treatment

1.2. Is Infertility Genetic?


Infertility is a relatively common health condition, affecting  nearly 10-15% of all couples .


It's estimated that nearly 50% of infertility cases are due to genetic defects .


Certain genetic factors that impact female infertility include an inherited chromosome change or a single-gene variant passed from parent to child.


Specific genetic conditions and chromosome issues that may cause female infertility include Turner Syndrome, where individuals are either partially or completely missing 1 copy of their X chromosome, leading to ovarian insufficiency.


Male infertility can also be caused by genetic conditions, such as Klinefelter syndrome , where individuals have an extra X chromosome.


Genetic testing can help identify these genetic defects, providing valuable insights into infertility causes and potential treatments. 

Women's Health

1.3. The Causes of Female Infertility

Female infertility can be attributed to various causes, including  failure to ovulate, menstrual cycle irregularities, structural problems, and infections .


Ovulation issues are the most common cause of infertility, often rectifiable through medication or lifestyle changes.


 Menstrual cycle problems can also lead to infertility, as irregular or absent periods indicate that ovulation is not occurring regularly, if at all.


Structural problems , such as blocked fallopian tubes, can prevent sperm from reaching the egg or hinder the fertilised egg from implanting in the uterus.


Infections, particularly pelvic infections like gonorrhoea, chlamydia, and pelvic inflammatory disease, can cause tubal damage leading to infertility.


Understanding these causes is crucial in seeking appropriate treatment and managing expectations. 

 fertility, supplementation, boosts, infertility, diet, health, treatment

1.4. Seeking Professional Help: When is the Right Time?


Women's chances of conceiving decrease significantly after the age of 30.


For women under 35 with regular menstrual cycles and no apparent health or fertility issues, experts recommend trying to conceive for at least a year before seeking medical help.


However, for women aged 35 or older, it's advisable to consult a healthcare provider after 6 months of unsuccessful attempts .


Women over 40 may want to consider seeking evaluation and treatment more immediately.


Remember, these are general guidelines, and individual circumstances may vary. 

2. Can You Boost Fertility Naturally Through Diet?


2.1. Fertility-Boosting Vitamins and Diets


Research from the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and Harvard Medical School  has shed light on the potential fertility-boosting effects of certain vitamins and diets.


For women trying to conceive naturally, vitamins such as folic acid, vitamin B12, and omega-3 fatty acids  have been linked to positive effects on fertility.


Additionally, adherence to healthy diets, particularly the Mediterranean diet , has been associated with improved fertility.


For men, semen quality , an indirect measure of fertility, has been found to improve with healthy diets and deteriorate with diets high in saturated or trans fat.


Furthermore, for couples undergoing assisted reproductive technologies, women may be more likely to conceive with folic acid supplements or a diet high in isoflavones , while male fertility may be aided by antioxidants.


However, it's important to note that these findings are preliminary and more research is needed to establish definitive dietary guidelines for fertility. 


 fertility, supplementation, boosts, infertility, diet, health, treatment

2.2. Unlocking the Power of Diet in Fertility Enhancement


A diet rich in unsaturated fats, whole grains, vegetables, and fish can potentially boost fertility in both women and men, according to a study published in the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) .


The Nurses' Health Study (NHS) II, another large prospective cohort, found that women who had the highest intake of a “fertility diet” comprised of plant protein from vegetable sources, full-fat dairy foods, iron, and monounsaturated fats during the preconception period had a significantly lower risk of infertility related to ovulatory disorders and other causes.


Preliminary data also suggest that red meat may have an adverse effect on fertility.


Furthermore, a "pro-fertility diet," which includes high levels of folic acid, vitamin B12, vitamin D, dairy, soy, and low-pesticide produce, in conjunction with assisted reproductive technologies, has been linked to improved fertility outcomes. 

2.3. Natural Fertility-Boosting Methods


While the potential benefits of natural fertility-boosting methods are promising, it's crucial to consider their broader impacts.


Some stakeholders have criticised these methods due to their potential negative effects.


For instance, over-reliance on diet for fertility enhancement could lead to nutritional imbalances or unhealthy dietary habits.


Extreme reactions have also been observed, with some individuals opting out of these methods due to perceived harm or lack of substantial scientific evidence.


It's important to remember that while diet can play a role in fertility, it's just one piece of the puzzle. Other factors such as age, genetics, lifestyle habits, and underlying health conditions also significantly influence fertility. Therefore, it's essential to approach natural fertility-boosting methods with a balanced perspective and in consultation with healthcare professionals. 

2.4. Should You Consider Folate Supplementation?


Folate, also known as vitamin B9, plays a crucial role in cell and DNA formation .


Its deficiency has been linked to various health issues, including a higher risk of birth defects, heart disease, stroke, and certain cancers .


Interestingly, studies have found that higher levels of pre-pregnancy folate supplementation were associated with a lower risk of spontaneous abortion .


Furthermore, higher intake of supplemental folate was associated with higher live birth rates .


Therefore, folate supplementation could potentially enhance fertility outcomes.

 fertility, supplementation, boosts, infertility, diet, health, treatment

3. Test your fertility with the OptimallyMe fertility test


Considering starting a family and curious about your fertility health? The OptimallyMe Fertility Test  is a home testing kit that can provide valuable insights into your hormonal health and fertility potential.


This test measures key hormones like FSH, LH, and AMH, which play a crucial role in ovulation and egg production. By understanding these hormone levels, you can gain a deeper understanding of your fertility and make informed decisions about your family planning journey.


The OptimallyMe Fertility Test  offers:


  • Convenience: Test from the comfort and privacy of your own home.

  • Comprehensiveness: Measures multiple hormones for a holistic view of your fertility health.

  • Personalised insights: Receive a personalised report with insights and recommendations tailored to your individual results.


With the knowledge gained from this test, you can:


  • Plan ahead: Make informed decisions about your family planning timeline.

  • Optimise your health: Take steps to improve your overall health and potentially enhance your fertility.

  • Empower yourself: Gain a deeper understanding of your body and feel more confident as you navigate your fertility journey.


If you're considering starting a family, the OptimallyMe Fertility Test can be a valuable tool to help you gain insights and take control of your fertility health.



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