About this test’s biomarkers
A blood biomarker is a substance or characteristic that can be measured in a person’s blood to indicate the presence or severity of a disease or condition. Biomarkers can be used for early detection, diagnosis, prognosis, and monitoring treatment effectiveness. Examples of blood biomarkers include proteins, genetic mutations, and hormones.
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) is a hormone that plays a key role in egg production and ovulation in women, and the production of sperm in men.
Luteinizing hormone (LH)
Luteinizing hormone (LH) is a hormone that works together with FSH, and it is responsible for reproduction. In men, it helps in the production of testosterone, while in women it helps in regulating the menstrual cycle and ovulation.
Total testosterone is a measure of the total amount of testosterone in the blood, including both bound and unbound testosterone. Testosterone is an important hormone that helps regulate many bodily functions such as building muscle, increasing body hair, and deepening the voice. It also plays a role in sexual function, mood, and bone health. Measuring total testosterone can help identify decreased bone density, risk of osteoporosis, causes of low sex drive, erectile dysfunction, and infertility.
Free testosterone is a type of testosterone that is not bound to sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) or albumin. As a type of testosterone, it is made in the testicles in men and in the ovaries and adrenal glands in women, and it is responsible for the development of secondary sexual characteristics such as increased muscle mass, body hair, as well as sexual function. The results of a free testosterone test can provide information about a person's testosterone status and can help to identify the cause of low sex drive, erectile dysfunction, acne, and body hair growth.
Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG)
The Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG) is a protein that helps in the transport of hormones and controls the availability of sex hormones that your body can use. Testing SHBG you can get information about the level of sex hormones that are active and available for use.
Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH)
Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is a protein hormone that is produced by the cells in the ovarian follicles. It plays an important role in the development of the female reproductive system and helps regulate the growth and development of ovarian follicles during a woman's reproductive life. As a biomarker it is used to check ovarian reserve which refers to the number and quality of a woman's remaining eggs, and also it can give an indication of woman's fertility.
The oestradiol test measures the level of oestrogen in the blood. The results determine the overall hormonal balance in the body. It is the main female sex hormone which disbalance can indicate endometriosis, PCOS, infertility, or menopause, however, it is also an essential hormone in men too.
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