About this test’s biomarkers
A blood biomarker is a substance or characteristic that can be measured in a person’s blood to indicate the presence or severity of a disease or condition. Biomarkers can be used for early detection, diagnosis, prognosis, and monitoring treatment effectiveness. Examples of blood biomarkers include proteins, genetic mutations, and hormones.
Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) is a hormone that controls your thyroid gland and the production of its hormones known as thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). The TSH test signifies the efficiency and health of your thyroid gland, as well as if your body’s metabolism is regulated.
Free Thyroxine (FT4)
Free Thyroxine (FT4) is a hormone produced by the thyroid gland and its function is to regulate the metabolism and energy of your body. The FT4 test shows the amount of FT4 that is available for your body to use. If the level of FT4 is unbalanced, it means that your thyroid gland is underactive or overactive which are the conditions that must be treated.
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) is a hormone that plays a key role in egg production and ovulation in women, and the production of sperm in men.
Luteinizing hormone (LH)
Luteinizing hormone (LH) is a hormone that works together with FSH, and it is responsible for reproduction. In men, it helps in the production of testosterone, while in women it helps in regulating the menstrual cycle and ovulation.
Free triiodothyronine (FT3)
Free Triiodothyronine (FT3) is one of two hormones that the thyroid gland produces, but it is also made by the conversion of T4 to T3 inside of cells of your body. The test of FT3 in combination with TSH and FT4 provides a complete picture of the health of your thyroid gland and regulation of your metabolism.
The oestradiol test measures the level of oestrogen in the blood. The results determine the overall hormonal balance in the body. It is the main female sex hormone which disbalance can indicate endometriosis, PCOS, infertility, or menopause, however, it is also an essential hormone in men too.
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